DOI: 10.24411/2470-1262-2020-10096


The novelty and special aim of the presented interdisciplinary approach was a targeted study of ancient archaeological assemblages of Colchis at the boundary of two leading fields of the humanities – archaeology and linguistics.In a certain cases linguistic analysis of toponyms assisted in concluding in favor of its naming relationship with the peculiarities of local vegetations. We presents an attempt of possible explanations of toponyms, based on landscape-climatic peculiarities and overall bio-environment conditions. Elucidation of all specificity of local environmental conditions might serve as substantiation for explaining the old toponyms, as in the case considered here of Nigvziani and Nigozeti.Flora evidently have a priority from many aspects and determine the mode of life of those societies who inhabited the territory where the peculiar ligneous species are distributed. In the presented case, we discuss the walnut (in Georgian “Nigozi”) which is the widely distributed tree in inner Colchis from the ancient period.Here we attempt a linguistic analysis of the two particular toponyms: Nigvziani and Nigozeti and the archaeological burial sites associated with them. The outcomes of the research is the interdisciplinary research of the multi-layered linguistic analysis of the toponyms and archaeological context of the Late Bronze-Early Iron Age archaeological sites.

Keywords: Colchis, Toponym, Zanizms, Etymology, Settlement, Cemetery, Burial, Artifacts, Etiology, Late Bronze – Early Iron period       


  1. Ghlonti A. Toponymic Researches, Part I,  Tbilisi, 1971 (in Georgian) // Toponimicheskie issledovaniya, Tbilisi, 1971.
  2. Lordkipanidze O. On the Origins of Ancient Georgian Civilization, Tbilisi, 2002 // k istokam drevne gruzinskoii tsivilizatsii, Tbilisi, 2002.
  3. Japaridze O. On the Origins of ethno-genesis of Georgian nation Tbilisi, 2006 // k  istokam etnogeneza Gruzinskogo naroda, Tbilisi, 2006.
  4. Shnirelman V. Archaeology and Linguistic: Problems of Correlation in Context of Ethnogenesis Studies, in: Bulletin of Ancient History, 4, Moscow, 1996 // Arkheologiya i lingvistika: problemi korelatsii v kontekste izucheniya etnogenezisa, v: biuletin drevneii istorii, 4, Moskva, 1996.
  5. Gogitidze S. Reports of Archaeological Researches Carried out in 1982-1983 at the Makhvilauri Settlement, in: Sites of South-West Georgia, XVII,Batumi, 1988 pp.3-23 // otchot  arkheologicheskikh issledovanii provedionnoi v 1982-1983 godakh na poselenii Makhvilauri, v: Pamyatniki iugo-zapadnoii Gruzii, tom XVII, Batumi, 1988.ctranitsi 3-23.
  6. Mikeladze T. The Early Iron Age Colchis Necropolis. , in: Proceedings of Colchis Archaeological Expedition, v. II, Tbilisi, 1985 // Nekropoli Kolkhidi ranne zheleznogo veka, v: trudi kolkhidskoii arkheologicheskoii ekspeditsii, tom II, Tbilisi,1985.
  7. Topuria V. Ivane Javakhishvili and the Kartvelian Languages, in: Proceedings, vol.3, Tbilisi, 1979 // Ivane Dzhavakhishvili i kartvel’skie iaziki, v: Ttrudi, tom 3, Tbilisi, 1979.
  8. Tskhadaia P. Hydronims and Oronyms from the three Municipalities of the Highland Samegrelo, in: “Karvelian Onomastic”, Tbilisi, 2018 (in Georgian) // Gidronimi i oronimi v triokh munitsipalitetakh visokogornoi Mtngrelii, v: “Kartvelskaya onomastika, Tbilisi, 2018.
  9. Gordeziani R. Greek Civilization, Part I, Tbilisi,1988 // Grecheskaya tsivilizatsiya, chasts’ I, Tbilisi, 1988.
  10. Greiss H., Reise in Das Alte Knossos, Leipzig, 1981 // Vozrozhdenie drevnego Knosossa, Lepzig, 1981.
  11. Crawford H. Sumer and the Sumerians, Cambridge, 2008 // Shumer i shumers, Kembridzh, 2008
  12. Vazha Pshavela, Prose, Novelettes, vol.1, Tbilisi, 2011// Proza, Rasskazi, tom 1, Tbilisi, 2011.
  13. Putkaradze Sh. Georgian language of Ethnic Georgians, Batumi, 1993 // Gruzinskii etnicheskikh Gruzin, Batumi, 1993.
  14. Sulkhan Saba Orbeliani, Georgian Dictionary, vol.2, Tbilisi, 1993 // Gruzinskii slovar’, tom 2, Tbilisi, 1993.
  15. Makashvili A. Botanical Dictionary, Tbilisi, 1991 // Botanicheskii slovar’ , Tbilisi, 1991
  16. The Ethnographical Fond of the Archive of the Batumi Scientific-Research Institute , Batumi, 1971 // Etnograficheskii  fond  arkhiva batumskogo nauchno-issledovatel’nogo instituta, Batumi,  1971.
  17. Norakidze N. Zanyzms in Geographical Names of Samtskhe, in: “Mnatobi”, Tbilisi, 1971 // Zanizmi v geograficheskikh nazvaniyakh Samtskhe, v: “Mnatobi”, Tbilisi, 1971.
  18. Charaia P. Mengrelian – Georgian Dictionary, Tbilisi, 1997 // Mengrel’sko-Gruzinskii slovar’, Tbilisi, 1997.
  19. Akhvlediani N. Zanyzms in Toponyms of Adjara, Barumi, 2009  (in Georgian) // Zanuzmi v adjarsoi toponimii, Batumi, 2009.

Information about the authors:

Alhvlediani Nargiz (Batumi, Georgia)  – Doctor of Science in Philology. Leading Researcher of the department of Folklore, Dialectology and the Emigrant Literature Research of Niko Berdzenishvili Institute of Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. E-mail:
She has until 80 scientific publications. Field of scientific interest: linguistics, toponymic, zaniams in toponumic. 

Puturidze Marina (Tbilisi, Georgia) – Doctor of Science in History, Archaeologist. Associate Professor of the Faculty of Humanities of the Tbilisi State University. 
She is the author of over 60 scientific publications, which are published in Georgia, Germany, USA, Italy, Turkey, Russia and Belgium. She was participated in over than 60 International Congresses, Symposiums, Conferences and Colloquiums in many countries of the World. Field of scientific interest: Caucasian and Near East Archaeology of the Bronze Age.

For citation: Akhvlediani Nargiz, Puturidze Marina, (2020). Motivation of Naming of the Plants in Formation of the  Ancient Toponyms and their Archaeological Context  Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science  Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2020), pp. 121-132  (in USA)