DOI: 10.24412/2470-1262-2023-3-6-14

Abstract: The emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) specifically Generative AI (GAI) based on LLMs (Large Language Models) has recently caught the attention of just about everyone, including educators. The entire concept is not completely new, but its emergence in user-friendly forms has surpassed our knowledge and standard best practices. For scholars the question of integrity and original efforts seems to dominate. Is it a threat, and how can and ought one respond to it? At the very least it calls for a deeper appreciation and understanding as well as the development of approaches, skills and tools to aid in our own implementation of AI in our classrooms, offices, on our desktop, laptop or smart phone.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence (AI), Generative AI (GAI), Large Language Models (LLMs)


[1] Throughout this paper I have made use of ChatGPT (, Bard ( ) and Claude ( But of course there also has been reliance upon search engines: Google, Bing, Yandex; Google Translate; tools embedded into our searches and writing such as automatic spell and grammar checkers, anticipation prompts, etc. Few of us notice any longer these relatively ubiquitous resources. Content drawn from AI programs, often edited by this author, are indicated with a star.

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Information about the author:

Thomas R. Beyer, Jr., Ph.D., C.V. Starr Professor Emeritus of Russian and East European Studies, Middlebury College, Middlebury Vermont USA.

For citation: Thomas R. Beyer, Jr., (2023).The Challenges of Generative Artificial Intelligence. Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science, Vol.8, Issue 3 (2023), pp. 6-14(in USA)

Manuscript received: 10/09/23

Accepted for publication: 20/11/23