DOI: 10.24411/2470-1262-2021-10111


The research, conducted by the IMAGRI – Institute in Europe (NGO), allows answering the question about the attitude of the Russian-speaking migrants to European values. The Institute started its activities in Brussels in 2009. The category of WMA (Women-Migrants Advanced) has highly developed cross-cultural communication skills but in about half the cases it does not solve the problem of self-realization in their careers and in the society; for the category these concepts are inseparable.  “Our” category of migrants, whose number has increased in Europe, requires special integration programs through entrepreneurship, as our project RESTART (2011-2014) has proved its effectiveness.  The research is conducted on the basis of communication with migrants and monitoring processes that are currently activated in Russian diaspora. The focus of the research and monitoring is a gender (women’s) group. According to many reports, women make the majority of living in Europe, being present in a significant number in all sectors of migration: family migration (both creation and family reunification), intellectual migration (both professionals and specialists as family members) and labor migration (mainly from the post-Soviet space but not from Russia). According to experts, they are the “invisible majority” in the Russian migration to Europe. However, by working on research projects in the sphere of migrant women, establishing contacts with various community organizations, consulting experts, we draw attention to the fact that, first of all, that women are not only a significant part of immigration but also extremely active (both socially and culturally) part of it.

Keywords: social adaptation; Russian-speaking migrants; Women-Migrants Advanced (WMA); cross-cultural communication; entrepreneurial skills of migrants; level of tolerance.


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Information about the author:

Sandler Margarita, Director of the EU-office of NGO International Migration and Gender Research Institute in Brussels (General office – Edinburgh, England), expert in gender migration.

For citation: Sandler M. (2021).

Russian-Speaking Migrants of “Advanced Women” Category in Europe: Communication and Integration Competences (Results of Survey). Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science, Vol.6, Issue 1 (2021), pp. 127-135 (in USA).