Author guideline

Submission – Author Guideline

Articles are accepted in Russian and in English

Text Structure

  1. UDC (refer to the Universal Decimal Classification

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  1. Author information and affiliation

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Author information and affiliation should be presented in the following order: First name, middle name (initial), surname; Institution, city, country

Authors’ names should be separated by commas.

  1. Paper title

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The title should be concise and informative (less than 10 words), clearly conveying the essential research findings.

  1. Abstract

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The abstract plays the role of an enhanced title, providing essential information about the article content.

Abstract structure:

  • Aims and objectives
  • Methodology and research methods
  • Results
  • Theoretical contribution
  • Practical significance

The abstract should be between 150 and 250 words in length.

For purely theoretical works, the abstract can be structured in a more flexible manner. For example, the Methodology and research methods section can be substituted for Approach.

  1. Keywords

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Keywords are one of the most important factors in the discoverability of scientific articles indexed in bibliographic databases. The paper should contain a list of 8-10 keywords, which reflect the research problem, achieved results and applied terminology. 

  1. Body text

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The paper should be between 15,000-40,000 characters, including tables, figures, references. In some exceptional cases, when the work represents great scientific value, larger manuscripts can be considered. 

The manuscript (body text) of the article may be presented in Russian or in English. The manuscript should be divided into clearly defined sections. Subsections should be given a brief heading. Manuscripts should be structured according to whether their subject matter is of an empirical or theoretical nature. Empirical works must conform to the IMRAD format, whereas those having a theoretical character may be constructed following the relevant logic of argumentation. 

Order of sections in the IMRAD format:

1) Introduction

2) Literature Review

3) Materials and Methods

4) Results and Discussion  

5) Conclusion

1) Introduction (1-2 pages) announces the research problem and its relevance to current theoretical and practical issues in the field. It establishes the scope and context of the research by analysing the most relevant publications on the topic being investigated. The Introduction conventionally leads the reader from the general background information describing the current research focus in the field and specific terminology, through identification of a research problem or gap in the existing knowledge to a statement of the aims and objectives of the paper. It is of importance to highlight the potential outcomes and implications for further research.

2) Literature review (1-2 pages) critically surveys scholarly papers and other sources relevant to the problem being investigated. This section is designed to provide an overview of literature the author studied while researching the topic and to demonstrate how the work fits within a larger field of study. It is common practice to overview no less than 20-40 publications, with the majority of them to be retrieved from international English-language sources. 

3) Materials and methods (1-2 pages) section presents actions taken to study the research problem and the rationale behind the application of specific procedures, such as observation, survey, test, experiment, analysis and modelling. This information should be detailed enough for an interested reader to understand the principles that allowed the researcher to select, process and analyse data pertaining to the phenomenon under study. This section provides the information by which the overall validity of the work can be judged. Where the study is aimed at developing a particular model, it should be detailed in this section.  

4) Results and Discussion (varies in length depending on the amount of information to be presented) reports the findings of the study and provides their evidence-based interpretation. In this section, the working hypotheses underpinning the study are either confirmed or rejected. A comprehensive and objective description of the research results allows the reader to follow the logic of argumentation that the author applied when analyzing the obtained data. It is important to be concise and avoid presenting information that is not critical to answering the research questionThe research findings are conventionally supported by non-textual elements (tables and figures) in order to further explicate key results. The most significant results are given critical consideration in the text. It is desirable that the results presented in the article be compared with those obtained in other studies. Such comparisons can be helpful in describing the significance of the study in terms of how its findings fill existing gaps in the field. This section is considered to be the most important part of the research paper because it reveals the underlying meaning of the study and formulates a more profound understanding of the research problem under investigation.

5) Conclusion (2-3 paragraphs) is not a mere summary of research results; rather, it is a synthesis of main points. It highlights key findings by noting their important theoretical and practical implications. A synthesis of arguments presented in the text should be provided to demonstrate how they converge to address the research aim stated in the Introduction. Directions for future research should also be outlined.

  1. References

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References should be formatted according to the Vancouver bibliographic style (refer to

This implies that:

  • in-text references are given in square brackets using an Arabic numeral;
  • a sequentially numbered reference list providing full details of the corresponding in-text reference is given at the end of the text.

Morgunova O. Exploration and Cartography of Diasporas on Digital Networks. Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 2012. URL: (Accessed: 2.06.2019).

Herrington TyAnna K. Crossing global boundaries: Beyond intercultural communication. Journal of Business and Technical Communication [Internet]. Published in Association with Iowa State University. 2010 [cited 2017 Apr 26]: 24 (4): 516–539. Available from:

  1. Information about the author(s)

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In this section, extended information about the author(s) is given, including their scientific degrees, academic titles, job positions, etc.

Example: Tamara V. Kuprina, Dr. Sci. (Education), Prof., Department of Educational Studies, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia. ORSID, Spin-cod, address, Email:

  1. Acknowledgements

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This section gives credit to those who helped in carrying out the research, both people and funding bodies. Appreciation should be expressed in a concise manner, avoiding emotive language. 

Example: The authors of the paper express their gratitude to [Names], whose provided expertise greatly contributed to the research. The research was supported by [Name of Foundation]. 

  1. Accompanying documents

Along with the manuscript, a cover letter should be included. A model text is available here.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The presented research has not been previously published and is not under consideration by any other journal.
  2. The publication of the manuscript has been approved by all the authors
  3. The text has been prepared according to the requirements provided in the Author’s Guide (“About Us”).  

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Privacy Statement

Specified when registering the names and addresses will be used solely for technical purposes of a contact with the Author or reviewers (editors) when preparing the article for publication. Private data will not be shared with other individuals and organizations.