DOI: 10.24412/2470-1262-2024-1-85-90


Abstract. One of the important goals of learning and teaching any language is speaking. The main theme of the article is to address the importance of motivation and language preparation in teaching students of Russian to speak on various topics. It is not an easy task to prepare students to move from Introductory, to Intermediate and Advanced level of Russian using films, articles, short stories, historical texts, while maintaining their motivation. Teachers need to continue working on the formation of linguistic, cultural, historical aspects while keeping their class vibrant and interesting. At the Advanced level, various stylistic and morphological subtleties can be introduced and analyzed. Films with full transcripts and glossing are very powerful not only as a language, but a cultural and emotional tool. Students of Russian appreciate greatly an authentic text, film, stories, articles, and they are motivated to discuss them with a new vocabulary and structure for taking their speaking skills to the next level.

Keywords: student motivation, speaking skills, language and film, language and text, vocabulary expansion, formation of active student oral skills



  1. Atorina O.A. Speaking as speech activity. In: Molodoj uchenyj, January 2022, #3.
  2. Bernard, J. Motivation in foreign language learning: The Relationship between classroom activities, motivation and outcomes in a university language-learning environment. 2010. Deitrich College Honors Paper. 74
  3. Byrnes, H. Advanced language learning: The contribution of Halliday and Vygotsky. London: Continuum, 2009
  4. Byrnes, H. Of frameworks and the goals of collegiate foreign language education: critical reflections. Applied Linguistics Review, 3, 1-24
  5. Burnes, H., Maxim, H. Realizing advanced foreign language writing development in collegiate education: curricular design, pedagogy, assessment. MLA Journal, 94, 2010.
  6. Cox, Tom. How to Achieve a conversational level in a foreign language (90-day plan).
  7. Deci, L. Effects on externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1971, vol. 18, #1, pp. 105-115.
  8. Fredericks, S.C. Vygotsky on language skills. The Classical World, March 1974. Pp. 283-290
  9. Gardner, R.C.& Lambert, W.E. Motivational variables in second language acquisition. Canadian Journal of Psychology. (159, @4, pp. 266-272
  10. Geisherik, A. Motivation among heritage and non-heritage learners of Russian. Canadian Slavonic Papers, 46. 9. 2022
  11. Getmanenko, N. Modern trends in motivations for learning Russian as a foreign language (International Research Data 2010-2014). Przheglad Rusycystyczny. #158, 2017. Pp.150-170
  12. Hui-ju Liu. Learning autonomy: the role of motivation in foreign language learning. Journal of language teaching and research. 2015 November, Vol.6, pp. 1165-1174
  13. Kramsch, C. Teaching foreign languages in an era of globalization. MLS Journal, Spring 2014
  14. Maksudov, S. & Pokrovsky, N. Russian reforms: revolutions from above. A Textbook for intermediate level students of Russian. Brookline, MA 2007
  15. MLA 2007. Foreign languages and higher education: New structures for a changed world. Profession 2007. Pp. 234 – 246
  16. Oxford, R.I. & Shearin, J. Language-learning motivation in a new key. In Language learning motivation. Pathways to the new century. 1996. Honolulu, University of Hawaii
  17. Passov E.I. Foreign language lessons. Moscow, 2010
  18. Rogova G.V., Vereshchagina I.N. Methods of Teaching introductory English. Moscow, 1998
  19. 7 Strategies to increase motivation in your language learners. March 2020.
  20. Solvova E.N. Methods of teaching foreign languages. Basic course. Moscow, 2002
  21. Sapronova I., Ekshembajeva L. Teaching Russian grammar at the advanced level. Russian Language Journal. Vol.70: Iss.1, Article 7. 2020
  22. Titova A.V. Basics of Teaching Russian conversation


Information about the author:

Alfia Rakova (Dartmouth, USA) – Research Assistant Professor,

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Director of the Language Program

Department of East European Eurasian and Russian Studies

Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 USA



For citation: Rakova Alfia (2024).

Motivation and Teaching Speaking Skills to American Students.

Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science,

Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2024), pp. 85-90 (in USA)

Manuscript received 20/02/2024

Accepted for publication: 25/03/2024