March 20, 2019

TEXT AS A BASIS OF COMMUNICATIVE ACTIVITY IN ACHIEVING HIGH LEVEL PROFICIENCY IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

DOI: 10.24411/2470-1262-2019-10038

Abstract:

The role of oral and written text, as а basis for development of communicative competence is the theme of the article. Textual stimulus functions as a trigger for language reaction. Text involves the participants of dialogue into language activity, activates the most suitable strategies for performing a specific language task, as well as strategies for reduction of the load to cognitive processes of students while reading texts of high level. The article tells about theoretical and practical factors which should be taken into consideration when selecting the text (for inst., organization of discourse, linear structure, prior student’s knowledge, etc.), as well as strategies, necessary for achievement of high level of proficiency in a foreign language.

Keywords: “agents” of social communication, interaction, fields of communication, communicative competence, learning styles, spectrum of personality types, language proficiency, domains, activating strategies, textual response, textual stimulus text tasks, congruence

References:

1.Bailin, A. (1995). Meaning Change: Metaphorical and Literal. Journal of Literary Semantics, 24(3),     211-230.

2.Becker, C. A. (1982). The development of semantic context effects: Two processes or two        strategies? Reading Research Quarterly, 17(4), 482-502.

3.Dridze T.M. (2003). Tekst kak osnova kommunikativnoy dejatel’nosti cheloveka. M.:   Prosveshchenie. 158 p.

4.Dridze T. M. Tekstovaya deyatel’nost’ v strukture sotsial’noy kommunikatsii. M.: Nauka, 1984.          269 p.

5.Ehrman, M. E. & Leaver, B. L (2003). Cognitive styles in the service of language learning. System 31: 393-       415.

6.Gerasimov V. we. K izucheniyu bazy znaniy, ispol’zuyemykh v protsessakh yazykovogo   funktsionirovaniya //Yazyk i logicheskaya teoriya: sb. nauchn. trudov. M., 1997. pp. 69–73

7.Lee, D. A. (1982). Modality, Perspective and the Concept of Objective Narrative. Journal of     Literary Semantics, 11(2), 104-111.

8.Salmon, N., & Pratt, H. (2002). A comparison of sentence- and discourse-level semantic           processing: An ERP study. Brain and Language, 83(3), 367-383.

9.Text, Speech and Dialog. 13th International Conference, TSD. Springer-Verlag, 2010

10.Van Dijk, T. A. (1995). Discourse Semantics and Ideology. Discourse & Society, 6(2), 243-289.

Information about the authors: Aleksandr Kovalev (Monterey, California, USA) –  PhD, Professor, Defense Language Institute. Email: aleksandr.kovalev@dliflc.edu

Elena Sedova-Hotaling (Monterey, California, USA) – Associate Professor, Defense Language Institute. Email: elena.sedovahotaling@dliflc.edu Mailing address: 300 Glenwood Circle, 258, Monterey, CA USA 93940

Acknowledgements: Special gratitude to the instructors of CE DTRA who enthusiastically approved the topic of the article.

Contribution of the authors. The authors contributed equally to the present research.


For citation: Aleksandr Kovalev, Elena Sedova-Hotaling, (2019). Text as the Basis of Communicative Activity in Achieving High Level Proficiency in a Foreign Language. Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science. Vol.4, Issue 1 (2019), pp.107-112(in USA)

 

Manuscript received: 12/25/ 2018

Accepted for publication: 03/17/2019

The authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

CC BY 4.0